IP (Ingress Protection) ratings show how well an enclosure or housing keeps solid items, dust, and water out. In the case of LED flood lights, the IP rating tells you how well the light is protected from things like water and dust that could damage the internal components.
The rating consists of the letters "IP" followed by two digits. The first digit tells you the protection rating for solid foreign options such as tools, fingers, airborne dirt or dust. The second digit tells you the protection rating against various forms of moisture such as drips, sprays or submersion.
There are three common IP Ratings for LED flood lights: IP65, IP66, and IP67. The main difference between them is how well they protect against dust and water.
- IP65: This grade means that dust and low pressure water jets from any direction won't damage the LED flood light. This means that the light can be out in the rain, snow, or water splashes, but it shouldn't be submerged in water or cleaned using high pressure jets. Lights with an IP65 rating are commonly used outside, like on building facades, sports areas, parking lots and are perfectly fine for most applications.
- IP66: This grade means the LED flood light is safe from dust and high-pressure water jets coming from any direction. This means that the light can be washed with a hose and can handle heavy rain or water splashes. IP66-rated lights are often used outside in industrial places like shipyards, industrial plants, and building sites that need a higher level of protection against water.
- IP67: This grade means that the LED flood light is safe from dust and can be submerged in water up to 1 meter deep for 30 minutes. This means that the light can handle heavy rain, splashes of water, and even short periods of being completely submerged in water. IP67-rated lights are often used outside in places close to swimming pools, fountains, and marine environments that need a higher level of protection against water.
When picking an LED flood light, it's important to remember that the IP rating is not the only thing to think about. Other things, like the power, color temperature, and beam angle, should also be taken into account to make sure the light fits the application's needs.
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